Helminthic infestation causes different symptoms in adults, depending on what class the parasite has entered the body and where it likes to settle.
Varieties and manifestations
The parasites that can live in the human body are classified into roundworms (called nematodes) and flatworms (tapeworms and flukes).
There is another classification:
- Contact helminths.These include pinworms that cause enterrebiosis and dwarf tapeworms, which become causative agents of hymenolepiasis. Infection with these parasites occurs, as it becomes clear from the name of the group, through contact with personal belongings, dishes, living in the same premises with infected people. The characteristic symptoms of infection with such worms are itching in the anus and perineum, which intensifies at night; if it gets into the vagina, it can cause all kinds of diseases of the female genital area; abdominal pain, indigestion.
- Geohelminthslive in the ground. They get to their owner by the oral-fecal method through unwashed or insufficiently treated hands, vegetables, fruits and other fruits, when bathing in fresh water bodies and drinking water from them, through dishes washed in contaminated water. The most common biohelminths are roundworms, whipworms, hookworms, and nekators. They cause rashes on the skin in the form of hives or allergic rashes, are manifested by pain and abdominal pain and bouts of nausea, reduced or completely absent appetite. The liver is affected by parasites, and its work is disrupted. With multiple infections with geohelminths, an increased amount of eosinifils is diagnosed in the blood. There have been cases when, due to the accumulation of parasites, obstruction and even rupture of the intestines occur, which leads to peritonitis.
- Biohelminthsget to humans through intermediate carriers of parasites. This class of helminths includes tapeworms - pork and bovine, nematodes, trematodes, cestodes. They get to humans through insufficiently cooked meat and fish, lightly salted caviar and lightly salted fish of various breeds that prefer to live in freshwater reservoirs. Infestation with biohelminths is characterized by alternating constipation with diarrhea, while in the feces you can see fragments-segments (strobila) of such parasites; there is pain in the abdomen, weight loss, manifestations of anemia, which occurs due to the fact that parasites absorb the lion's share of vitamins, proteins and iron that a person needs.
Important!Helminthic invasion in adults also has general symptoms: skin rashes, swelling and swollen lymph nodes, weakness, fatigue, pain in joints, muscles and abdomen, stool disorder and the presence of blood in it, pallor of the skin.
If there are symptoms of helminthic invasion in adults, and proper treatment is not carried out, serious damage to the body may occur, such as allergic myocarditis, meningoencphalitis, hepatitis and other pathologies of the liver and gallbladder, pneumonia, lesions of the nervous system, pancreatitis and many others.
As soon as the slightest suspicion and symptoms of worm infection appeared, you should definitely consult a doctor. He will prescribe certain types of tests and, based on their results, prescribe treatment. First of all, an analysis is prescribed for the eggs of worms. To do this, a small amount of fresh feces (about a teaspoon) is donated for research in a laboratory institution. The container for collecting feces should be plastic or glass, with a tight lid.
Important!The longer the time from spontaneous defecation to the analysis, the less its accuracy. For a complete picture, such an analysis is submitted several times with intervals of 3-4 days.
Scraping from the anal area is considered an equally effective analysis. Blood and urine tests are also done. According to their indicators, one can also assume the presence of certain parasites. Additional examinations of sputum, bile, rectal mucus, ultrasound and tomography, endoscopy and endobiopsy may also be prescribed.
Worm infestation treatment
Having identified helminthic infestations, the doctor prescribes treatment. The drugs that are used for this are prescribed depending on the diagnosis.
Important!It happens that any of the drugs causes individual intolerance and causes side effects. In this case, the attending physician will adjust the treatment.
For the treatment of helminthic invasions, there are a lot of folk, tested for centuries, means. Among them are pumpkin seeds, decoctions and infusions of herbs such as wormwood and tansy, garlic infused with milk, walnut membranes, cloves and cinnamon spices, corn silk.
There are even recipes that use foods from the daily diet, such as sauerkraut or radish, carrots or white beans.
Prevention of helminthic invasions should not be a one-time action, but constant measures. After all, everyone knows that it is easier to prevent a disease than to cure it later. The simplest preventive measure is to keep it clean! Wash your hands after visiting crowded places and transport, using the toilet and dealing with money, petting your pet and digging around in the garden.
Get into the habit of washing thoroughly under running water, and then pouring boiling water over fruits, vegetables and other fruits that are served raw. Do not drink water from natural reservoirs and sources (springs, springs) without boiling. Do not use it for drinking, washing dishes and food.
Meat and fish lovers should take care not to disturb the technology and cooking time. A kebab or steak with blood is, of course, very tasty, but fraught with helminthic infestation, which causes very unpleasant symptoms in adults.